Turkoman military leader
Nadir Shah fought the Afghan occupiers of Iran in the 1720s and
eventually expelled them. He took the Iranian throne in 1736 and
built an empire that included Iraq, Afghanistan, and parts of
India. The empire disintegrated after his assassination in 1747.
Iranian political leader Muhammad Mossadegh was Premier of Iran
from 1951 to 1953. Pivotal in the nationalization of the oil
industry in Iran, his uncompromising stand brought him into
direct conflict with the shah. Dismissed by the shah, Mossadegh
briefly seized power causing the shah to flee Iran. Mossadegh
was quickly overcome by Royalists and tried for treason.